Alzheimer’s/ dementia information in Assamese (selected excerpts from Dementia India Report 2010: Assamese version of executive summary)

The Assamese version of the Executive Summary of the Dementia India Report 2010 has been made available by ARDSI Guwahati Chapter. This report gives an overview of dementia and care in the context of India. Some selected excerpts are presented in this post for the convenience of persons who read Assamese, to perhaps interest them enough to read it or share it. View/ download the full report at the site of the Guwahati chapter of ARDSI (Alzheimer’s and Related Disorders Society of India) at : Dementia Report in Assamese, PDF file (1.1 MB)

Some excerpts from the report have been posted below.
Here is a paragraph about dementia.

small paragraph on dementia in Assamese

Diseases causing irreversible dementia, and their typical early symptoms
table in Assamese giving dementia causing diseases and their typical symptoms

Modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for dementia

Modifiable and non modifiable risks in Assamese giving dementia causing diseases and their typical symptoms

The impact of dementia at various levels
The impact of dementia at three inter-related levels in Assamese

You can view/ download the full report at the site of ARDSI Guwahati, at Dementia Report in Assamese, PDF file (1.1 MB)

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Some information in Kannada (Dementia India Report 2010: Kannada version of executive summary

The Kannada version of the Executive Summary of the Dementia India Report 2010 was released by NIMHANS, Bangalore, in 2011. I have now made it available on my Dementia Care Notes website for ready reference by anyone who is interested. I am also including a few excerpts below, hopefully to get some of the Kannada-reading persons interested enough to either read it or to let others know about it.

cover of Kannada version of the Executive Summary of the Dementia India Report 2010
You can view/ download the report here: Kannada version of the Executive Summary of the Dementia India Report 2010, PDF file (1.18 MB)

Some excerpts from the report have been posted below (snipped as images). You can click on these to view/ download the full report.

Diseases causing dementia, and their typical early symptoms
table in Kannada giving dementia causing diseases and their typical symptoms

Modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors
Modifiable and non modifiable risks in Kannada giving dementia causing diseases and their typical symptoms

Growth in dementia cases expected over the years (India) (numbers in millions, graphed using age groups)
Growth in dementia cases expected over the years (India)

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Working for the dementia care domain: what next? (Part 2 of a two-part blog entry)

I am currently trying to decide the focus of my future dementia-related work. I have limited energy and time available for dementia work, and so I need to make deliberate decisions on where to use them. Keeping my current online resources usable and relevant needs some ongoing effort (content updates, back-end maintenance etc.) and I also have to tackle queries I get, but where should I put my additional time and energy? Should I improve these existing online resources by adding similar content or enhancing existing content? Or should I work on something different?

(This is the second part of a two-part blog entry: The first part can be read here: Working for the dementia care domain: my journey over the past six years or so (Part 1 of a two-part blog entry))

Fact is, I have many vague, unformed ideas, and there is no way I can explore all of them (let alone implement them all). I would like to make choices where I may be effective. And what is effective? I’m not sure how to define or determine that…but I assume effective choices will be the ones that create useful artifacts and efficiently use my skills and suit my personality. So here is what I know about my way of working and thinking.

I am an introvert and am most productive when working at my desk, doing intense work. I am not a socializer by nature. While I meet people and participate in events sometimes and enjoy such meetings, they also drain me. My choices need to exploit my ability to do concentrated work alone, and cannot depend on my “networking” or creating organizations or services or working in large teams. I am unambitious and don’t do well under pressure or targets. I can’t stay sane and productive in a competitive environment.

I want to remain focused on creation of content about dementia and care, suitable for persons in India. I am talking of content that can be directly understood and applied given our culture and context in India, and content that uses Indian metaphors, examples, language, etc. My experiment of creating material and the viewership tells me that this is a worthwhile target, with special mention of material created in Hindi, which has had over 30,000 views. Unfortunately, I don’t know of others who are convinced enough about this to actually actively create such content (usually, they refer people to a few well-known links from different countries without reading the articles/ manuals they are recommending). All this makes me feel I have even more reason to work in this area I consider important.

I believe technology is under-exploited for spreading information and providing support. I’m not an expert in technology, but I’m not afraid of it either, and I don’t hesitate when it comes to learning more about possibilities or implementation. I have picked up whatever technology I have need for my work so far, and am not scared by the thought that I may need to explore more technology options for some ideas I have. The potential of technology excites me and fascinates me, and is definitely something I’d consider while looking at options.

Productivity and effectiveness are major criteria for me. While I am willing to write and create material, I am a slow writer, and so I need to be careful about which writing projects to pick up. It would be silly to start something that requires several months unless I am sure I can do it, and that it is a better project compared to my other options. Making effective choices was not a major criteria in earlier days when I had no experience about such work, and not many ideas. But now I have many vague ideas and need to carefully select which to pursue.

I need to either locate a peer group or find some other way to brainstorm and evaluate ideas. So many things need to be done in the dementia domain that I cannot pick a random flavor-of-the-month are of work every month. Choices matter. Idea generation is not enough; I need good ways to perform idea evaluation and selection.

Over these past years, I’ve been in touch with many volunteers and wannabe volunteers who seem interested in dementia or caregivers or both. Usually, though, dementia is not their prime area and their approach is typically based on extroverted, networking-based solutions. They focus more on areas like “active ageing” and may even dilute or remove their overwhelmed-dementia caregiver focus over time. Some work in so many areas that I’m not even clear what their focus is. Understanding, measuring, or improving effectiveness is often not a concern. This means I do not have enough in common with them to discuss/ exchange ideas for my kind of involvement, as I focus only on dementia care.

Ideally, I’d like a reasonably-sized peer group of like-minded persons to remain motivated for my work and to discuss my ideas, joys and frustrations, but I have not yet found this group. I do have some friends with similar values, but they are scattered, not working in my focus area, and busy with their own initiatives and ideas. I can no longer assume I will manage to find an active peer group, and this lack affects my ability to process my ideas and act on them. It affects my pacing. I have no idea how to fulfill this gap.

I need enough time and energy for other (non-dementia) activities to get the emotional satisfaction I need When I first started blogging, I did that as catharsis, but as I increased my work and began actively helping others, I assumed I would get ongoing satisfaction and friendships. That’s not quite how things turned out. While I’ve had some interesting interactions and friendships with caregivers, our paths start diverging because I continue to work in dementia and others move on to their own areas of priority, leaving fewer areas of common interest. Interactions reduce over time. And while I am in touch with many concerned persons/ volunteers, again, most of them have very different interests and priorities and we don’t have enough depth of interaction for these to satisfy my need for intense friendships and emotional connection.

Dementia is not a cheerful area to work in. While some changes can improve the quality of life of the person with dementia and the family, there is an inherent downer in seeing someone fade out, stop responding, die. There is loss. There is grief. There is helplessness. Suggestions can make some difference, but the basic nature of the problem remains. People don’t contact me to share any good news; they contact when they are overwhelmed, stressed, unhappy. I find it frustrating to repeatedly see families face the same type of problem. I know how little the current support is, and how slow the rate of improvement in support systems and facilities is. While I feel some satisfaction when my suggestions and work are useful to others, this is overshadowed by my sense of helplessness and frustration. As this situation is unlikely to change, I need to spend time doing other (non-dementia) work or activities so make me feel connected and emotionally satisfied. I need to factor this in while seeing how much time I have available for dementia work.

Given my overall time/ energy availability, I have to choose whether to continue work to enhance my existing body of material, or whether to pick up some different type of content preparation. My impression right now (and this may change) is that my existing body of work can continue to help people so long as I do ongoing maintenance on it. It is reasonably complete as a unit of information for my target profile. (Some links to my existing body of work and recent viewership data are available here)Adding more material to it would be nice, but I believe I have reached the point of diminishing returns when it comes to investing time and effort in expanding my existing body of work. I am therefore interested in exploring whether I can work on a different, important area. However, I also need to remember that it takes me a lot of effort it to overcome self-doubt when venturing into any new area; any new venture/ project I consider should seem worth that emotional cost.

In my opinion, the most important aspect to address is dementia awareness, because awareness is pathetic in India, and awareness is the foundation on which everything else rests. I think we need ways to spread awareness about dementia amongst people who are not looking for information on dementia, and we need to reach out to multiple cross-sections of society. I am interested in seeing whether I can contribute to increasing dementia awareness. However, typical awareness campaigns include advertisements, walks, celebrity involvement, speeches, etc., and my personality does not match the skills needed for any of these. So my challenge is, can I contribute to spreading awareness given my personality and skill profile? Can I, as a self-funded solo worker, do something?

My current, tentative plan is letting myself freely think about potential areas of contribution rather than staying within some conventional framework. I’ve been using technology, specifically, the Internet, as a means for contributing for the last several years; developing material and making it available using the Internet also suits my personal work characteristics, and maybe, just maybe, I’ll find a way to extend this to work on some new area I consider important (such as dementia awareness). Maybe a few months down the line, I’ll have some idea on what to do.

And of course, if you have any suggestions that seem to fit my basic personality traits and my inclinations, please share them.

(This is the second part of a two-part blog entry: The first part can be read here: Working for the dementia care domain: my journey over the past six years or so (Part 1 of a two-part blog entry))

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Working for the dementia care domain: my journey over the past six years or so (Part 1 of a two-part blog entry)

It’s over six years since I started sharing my experiences and thoughts on dementia care, and it has been a strange, unexpected journey. As I step back a bit to consolidate, I’m using a two-part blog post to document what I’d done so far and what I am considering for the future.

In this part, I write about what I’ve done so far, what influenced my choices about sharing and my chosen way of sharing, and some data on where I am right now.

The unplanned beginning

My mother’s dementia symptoms had no clear onset; they crept up and kept growing till they took away pieces of her life and mine. I was clueless, unprepared, and unsupported. The dementia symptoms were devastating enough, but the lack of awareness and support around us made coping far more difficult. Even when my mother’s dementia reached mid-stage and she required full-time attention and availability, people around me were disbelieving, critical, or busy in their own work and priorities. Sometimes my mother and I would end up spending stretches of days with no one but each other for company. I was perpetually exhausted.

I began a few tentative blog entries around mid-2008, just to feel less alone. I didn’t expect anyone to read what I wrote; I didn’t even want anyone to read it. My sporadic blog elicited occasional emails from persons saying they could relate to the situations I described in my posts. The catharsis provided me enough relief to become more proactive about my caregiving role. I read more books, even attended a conference and some caregiver training. I realized that, like me, many caregivers experienced isolation and overwhelm. I began thinking, “No one should be so alone through such stuff,” and then, “Would my sharing my experiences help?”

The nature of my participation began changing slowly, over the months. Whereas earlier I read books, and attended courses and support groups to pick tips for myself, I began doing so to share with others and support them. I equipped myself by reading voraciously, exchanging ideas whenever I could, and even attending a “master trainer” course, intended to “train the trainer.” My understanding improved, I felt more involved, and my canvas widened.

I was still performing the actual care tasks for my mother on many days, and coordinating them on others. I had to remain alert about crisis, and available at short notice, but my support had improved because my husband had adjusted his travel and workload so that we could take turns/ share the work, and I had also got a competent attendant who genuinely cared for my mother. It was possible to take out some relatively worry-free hours for other work.

So there I was, feeling more involved and determined to do my bit, looking for ways to contribute. Blogging and content creation seemed a good way to do so.

The pieces of work added up

My online work has essentially been built as a series of small steps, all done from my desk at home. I picked up work I could usually break up into pieces I could squeeze into available time, stopped when I was busy with care and other responsibilities, picked up when I had some spare time or energy. I could pace my involvement.

My blog was a collection of random personal thoughts, and as my blog picked up pace, I began thinking about the lack of structured material. I had always been unhappy that the available material on dementia care was not tuned for India because it assumed a different social context, a different culture, and a different level of institutional support. I thought about creating more suitable material but lacked the confidence to proceed. I was also unsure whether I’d have the energy to do a reasonable coverage. It seemed too vast a topic, and though I was better informed now, at times I felt like a helpless caregiver, not someone confident enough to undertake such a project.

Even so, I sometimes caught myself mentally drafting material suitable for a caregiver in India, written from a caregiver perspective. And then, one day, I thought of a structure to fit those (still only in my mind) pages. I already had a personal site, and I could add a section on dementia to it. It was just a matter of typing what was in my mind. I took the plunge. A fortnight or so later, I had created a section on dementia on my personal website. This was around the beginning of 2010. I felt so diffident about my audacity (of creating material) that I didn’t do much publicity, and was scared someone would read the pages and find them useless or bad.

But the stream of ideas would not stop. I felt I should have done more pages, a better and more complete job. And I felt that dementia care in India was a large and important topic that deserved a site of its own, not merely a side-show on a personal site.

As before, I was not sure whether I wanted to do the work. I had no idea whether it would help anyone; I had absolutely no reason to believe anyone would even bother to read it. On some days I was scared that if I set up a website and no one came, my work would be a waste. On other days, I was scared that I would create something awful and full of mistakes and that someone (huge and powerful and authoritative) would publicly humiliate me for being presumptuous enough to create a website. I was apprehensive whenever I thought of it, which was often. Because, again, I was mentally drafting more and more pages of what such a site could contain. Ideas abounded, as did doubts. The site would need some illustrations; could I draw them? The site should include interviews; how would I get them, why would anyone talk to me? Would I have the stamina to put together so many pages? My caregiving responsibilities were increasing….Did I really need yet another stress in my life?

I think it took around four months of mental drafts and structuring before I felt my brain would boil over if I did nothing, and so I began actual drafting. And it took some more time before I took the plunge to ask a volunteer I knew for some help in identifying caregivers who may be willing to give interviews. Then I picked up pace and started approaching some caregivers and others on my own, too. Creating online material required learning a lot of technical stuff and I did it in small packets. I remained conflicted about the whole idea: I was scared that I would be visible, and scared that I would not. I would work in spurts, then stop, never quite sure I would actually let the site go live. But the matter was now there, the background work done. One day I told myself, see, if it doesn’t work out, I’ll just delete the site. It’s not like I’ve taken any funds from anyone or that I owe anything to anyone. No one needs to know that I tried something and failed.

So I tamped down my personal website section on dementia, and geared up to make the full-fledged website operational.

Dementia Care Notes went live in the later part of 2010, a site reasonably complete but somewhat different from what it is today. There was barely a trickle of visitors for several months. I thought I’d sunk in a huge amount of energy into something useless. Worse, some site features required a lot of ongoing effort. For example, that initial site included a section with commentaries and summaries on latest published research papers, as well as promptly updated summaries of dementia-related news from India. This type of feature sucked up a lot of energy, and I started regretting my decision to have a site at all. No visitors, and a lot of energy being spent. What a fool I’d been.

But there was no point pulling off the site, either. So I streamlined the back-end and rethought the content approach. I removed items I considered low “value-add” and also removed content of the sort already present at many other sites (research summaries, for example). I added more material specifically meant for caregivers in India. I expanded pages, and created and added illustrations. Since I didn’t have enough of a personal or “social network” contacts to help me spread the word, I began reading up basic concepts related to search engine visibility. Miles to go, and all that…

Dementia Care Notes was an English site. It took a while for me to realize that I should be considering a Hindi site, and also videos in English and Hindi. For every new type of content preparation and presentation, I went through the usual agony of hesitation, followed by weeks of mental drafting, and so on, before taking the plunge.

I began creating and adding English and Hindi videos to Youtube around later part of 2011, one video at a time, with the video releases often spaced out by months. (Two channels: my personal interviews and videos with information and suggestions for caregivers ). My Dementia Hindi website went live in early 2012. Sometime along the line I realized that some of my material may be interesting to volunteers who wanted to help caregivers. So I put together a section for volunteers, this time on my blog (currently at: Resources for Volunteers). I hesitated a lot for this, too, but then as always I thought, if it doesn’t work out, I’ll just delete the pages. And I kept uploading my presentations on Slideshare, too, just so they were available if someone wanted to have a look. Very recently, I also began posting on a Hindi blog.

My confidence increased along the way as I was able to connect with many caregivers and others, and thus able to improve/ validate my understanding. I kept amending and improving my material alongside, and I now make it a point to periodically review all my website material to ensure it reflects whatever I know and can suggest based on my updated understanding. But I also know that I am not an expert and that my knowledge can never be complete.

Along the way I have ended up with more visibility than I feel comfortable with. This visibility has meant getting calls/ emails for an interview or so sometimes, or an invitation to speak at a conference or to coordinate a meeting. I go through an agonizing process every time I respond–on one hand, I know that, given my concern about this area, I should speak up, but on the other hand, I want to curl up and hide. I end up speaking, but I need a lot of preparation time to psych myself up for the event, and I need a wind-down time to recover. Each such interaction drains me.

To create online resources, I have needed to learn several new skills; the effort has been substantial. I have done all the work alone, not just the writing. For example, I learned about setting up websites and hosting. I learned about WordPress and its plugins and themes, decided what would suit my site, etc. For illustrations, I had to conceptualize them, and learn enough about graphics packages to actually draw them. When I decided to create videos, I had to learn about audio recording and editing, and video recording and editing, screen captures, and so on. And then there were the loads of things needed to keep the site operational and safe and backed up and so on… As I did not know anyone else using a similar approach, I didn’t just have to learn the skills, I had to first identify which skills were relevant and locate suitable resources for them. The process was invigorating, but also somewhat lonely.

I didn’t just learn based on what I wanted to make, I have been doing a lot of exploratory learning, too, so as to understand the possibilities and have a wider perspective about the context as such. I keep myself informed on areas directly or indirectly affecting my dementia work. I keep up-to-date with discussions, books, papers, and reports on dementia care, and also do small courses on topics that ensure I can follow discussions reasonably well; this includes health and medicine related areas and also areas on possible ways to convey messages–a vast range of topics like social psychology, critical thinking, online instruction, technology and media, and so on. Part of this helps me refine what I am doing; part helps me glimpse at potential areas of work; and part of it never gets used, but I don’t know what will turn out to be useful and what will not.

Some data:

I have no targets as such, but I glance occasionally at what I’ve done to see where I am. Here’s some data (as of the day of writing this blog entry):

I also respond to emails and interact on social media with caregivers, and once in a while, participate in conferences or training programs or support group meetings. I end up interacting with many concerned persons–volunteers, students, others. A quick glance at my email folder shows the emails exchanged run into thousands. And then there are the one-on-one face-to-face interactions with caregivers. It’s frightening.

All said, the numbers I share above are not particularly large. Many persons have distinctly more impressive stats for their work, and bigger social circles, and more connections. Me, I’m constrained by my diffidence and lack of targets and ambition. All that inspirational talk on “be the change” and “be positive” and how people want to “make a difference” doesn’t touch me; my sole motivation is a sense that I have no justification to waste my knowledge and skills. I cannot face myself if I know I could have tried to do something and I let my self-doubt hamper me. I may not end up being as bold as others are, but I try to stretch myself to the extent I can.

Someone once asked me, a few years ago, if I was satisfied with the stats and I had told him that, given that I had no reason to believe people would visit any material I prepared, the numbers were nice. The numbers were comfortably higher than zero, and zero is what the viewership would have been if I had chosen to not write. I marvel that I managed to get any audience at all, given that I was just someone typing away on her laptop.

That “it’s greater than zero” was not some cool, wise answer, or even a good one. It was a reflection of my utter cluelessness when I started work on dementia, my lack of a tangible target and my inability to have any dreams. I was a reluctant experimenter in an untried field. I had no baseline to use, no similar/ competing resource to compare myself with. The situation was trickier for Hindi material, which was a real shot-in-the-dark gamble. (When I see that the viewership of the Hindi material combines to over 30,000, I hope someone else decides that working in Indian languages is worth considering.)

My situation is different now. Even though I still have no targets and no basis for specific goals, I am aware that my choices involve trade-offs. I have too many ideas, far more than what I had when I started off. I know that chasing one idea, such as preparing a particular document, means I won’t be able to chase a different idea or prepare a different document. While I am now moderately comfortable with existing projects, I am also aware that, given my personality, I will go through an agonizing bout of self-doubt for any new project; it is a cost I pay for every initiative I take. I feel the need to make effective choices, because I know how limited my time and energy are. I’ll use the second part of this blog post for my thoughts on my future modality and effort.

Edited to add: The second part of this blog entry is now available at: Working for the dementia care domain: what next? (Part 2 of a two-part blog entry)

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On wrongly assuming memory loss and old age are integral to dementia, and on missed diagnosis

Around this time last year, I was in touch with a caregiver who was trying to cope with a father’s fronto-temporal dementia. In addition to watching his decline, this caregiver was also struggling with regret and frustration; the diagnosis had been delayed because senior specialists missed it, and the family had wasted several months in bewilderment and emotional flux wondering why the father had changed so much. If they had known the diagnosis earlier, they would have been able to accept and support the father’s situation better.

Over the year since this incident, I’ve been especially alert about such cases. (This caregiver’s case, incidentally, was not an isolated case, and I have blogged about similar concerns earlier). Of course, there will be missed diagnosis for any disease, but the problem is when diagnoses are missed because of systemic misinformation and stereotypes, not merely by chance. The human cost of delayed/ missed diagnosis–misunderstandings, anger, sorrow, conflicts, and no idea how to support–can tear apart a family.

In my opinion, too much of the publicity around dementia centers on Alzheimer’s and memory loss, and too much of the depiction focuses on elderly patients. Many people, including doctors, therefore assume that the early symptoms of dementia must include memory loss and that dementia hits only the elderly. So when family doctors are consulted for a fifty year old with problems like personality changes, odd social behavior or inability to name familiar objects, they may look at stress, family conflicts, and psychiatric problems. They discard even a remote possibility of dementia because “there’s no memory loss.” Such missed diagnoses can be avoided if we redesign our awareness campaigns.

Experts have increased their earlier estimates of the percentage of young onset patients and of non-AD dementias like FTD (fronto-temporal dementia/ degeneration). But existing campaigns continue using phrases like “dementia is a disease of the elderly” and “dementia is memory loss.” Many people use “dementia” and “Alzheimer’s” interchangeably. Deeply ingrained habits require motivation and effort to change, and perhaps volunteers/ professionals involved haven’t yet seen the need for that effort. But the way I see it, such (inadvertent) exclusion/ profiling contributes to poorer visibility and thus in poorer diagnosis, which in turn hides the true prevalence of the ignored segments. People don’t think “exceptions” exist, so they are not alert about them, they don’t detect it/ diagnose it, and then, because the diagnosed cases are low, people feel justified in ignoring it. It looks like a vicious circle.

Take FTD (frontotemporal dementia/ degeneration), a group of dementias that impact the frontal and temporal lobes. Read the full post here

Creating online dementia care material in Hindi: my experience so far

For the last few months I have been making Hindi material for supporting dementia care and uploading the material to make it available online. Here’s a short blog entry on my experience so far.

The background: Over a year ago I started worrying about the paucity of online (and print) material in Indian languages for dementia caregivers. This “worry” was active enough for me to wonder what I could do about the lack of material. My concern was spurred after someone in Madhya Pradesh contacted me – he was using Internet on his mobile and wanted material in Hindi so that he and his family could better support an early-onset dementia patient. I helped him through phone calls and by sending across some material I had. However, I felt concerned about how difficult things must be for someone like him who wanted support. Around July/ August last year I started exploring options for creating Hindi material myself. A few months later I made my first Hindi video and placed it on youtube, and in December I shared my thoughts and experiments in a 4-part blog entry (For part 1 of this series, click here: Adventures in Hindi Part 1).

Creating material in Hindi was not easy work. I did not have conventions to follow about the type of Hindi and the way dementia is explained in Hindi; I had to base my decisions on approach and style on the experience I’d had providing help in Hindi over the phone and in person, and, of course, my instinct as a caregiver and a volunteer. Typing posed its own challenges, as typing in Hindi is done using transliteration, so one has to remain alert about when this transliteration messes up spellings. Plus, of course, my Hindi needed brushing up.

One more deterrent was knowing that creating online material in Hindi was essentially a gamble. I knew people checked online for cricket scores and gossip about superstars in Hindi, but I had no idea whether people were looking online for information on dementia in Hindi. Even if there were such people, I had no idea how to let them know about my site so that they could check it out for at least some pointers to help them.

But I can be stubborn when I want to, and so once I decided to try my hand at it, I continued to create and upload stuff in Hindi, let some people know, and leave the rest to word-of-mouth, google, cross-links….

Here’s the current status of my Hindi work online: I have created a full-fledged website in Hindi on dementia care (Dementia Hindi ) and also uploaded four videos on youtube on wandering, helping patients with daily activities, communication, and understanding the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s (they are also combined into a convenient playlist: click here: Playlist: Hindi dementia/ care uploads). My latest video, on dementia and communication, was uploaded just a few weeks ago. Here it is:

So, what’s been my experience so far?

I’m relieved (and happy) to say that people have been visiting the Hindi website and viewing the videos. Not in droves, no, but enough for me to feel that the effort was worth it. Especially so as some visitors are from far-away cities I have no contacts in, such as Jamshedpur, Lucknow, and Indore in addition to the expected Delhi and Mumbai. Not all visitors are from India, interestingly, and apart from places like the USA and UK, I’ve also had visitors from the Nepal, Qatar, UAE and others 🙂 Some persons have even contacted me using the contact form, sending their queries in Hindi (typed using Roman script). (I responded the same way).

The videos have been viewed, too. Anyone who has checked out youtube for dementia information in Hindi would have noticed that available material (other than mine) is usually dubbed interviews, and some translated authoritative informational presentations. Overall, the list is so small it takes barely a couple of screens. So when I uploaded my videos, I had no clue whether anyone would even reach them. But of my 4 videos, 3 have been up for some months, and each of them has a viewership of over 200. Is that good enough? Is it bad? What number does one compare it with?

It is not as if there is a wide choice of Hindi material and I have a baseline to compare it with 😦

The way I see it is, this viewership is encouraging enough for me. It is far more, incidentally, than zero, which is what my viewership would have been if I had not put up the videos. Even without any direct touch with people/ publicity, even without press releases and conferences declaring the presence of this material, people reached it and read/ viewed it. And hopefully benefitted…

The beauty of online material is that once it is up and available, it remains available without additional effort, and so more and more people can view it as and when they become aware of it or get a link or locate it in a search.

My summary so far is that yes, there seem to be persons who will read material or view videos in Hindi (and possibly other Indian languages) if these were made available. I think catering to this potential audience is just not being taken as seriously as it deserves.

I’d also like to share that I sometimes meet volunteers in India who feel that there is already enough online material on dementia care and nothing more needs to be done on this front. These volunteers are often part of forums where they regularly exchange links to the same articles, recommending them to each other (not always reading them, but assuming others would benefit by doing so).

I feel these people haven’t considered a number of aspects. For example, they may not have considered whether the available material is:

  • understandable and usable by audiences in India (fitting into the cultural context)
  • in languages that people can read/ understand )
  • with links in forums such people can access )
  • accessible on the type of online platforms such audiences use )
  • accessible to people not in metros )
  • accessible to people who don’t have online access/ find it expensive)

I could expand the list into a much longer one, but I’m sure you get the point 🙂

I remember a comment one person made after he read some of the standard caregiver material he’d downloaded from one non-Indian site; he said he’d shown it to his family but they discarded it because the persons it showed were not Indians and the houses they showed were not middle-class Indian and the methods they described were not directly usable in India. (Like bathing tips that assume baths in tubs, I suspect) “We are not like these people; their ways won’t work for us,” he told me. His comment reinforced my impression that a good caregiver manual written by an Alzheimer’s support organization in some other country cannot always be used directly by all sections of people in India.

So, in my opinion, there is not enough suitable material in India given the diversity of our people, the sheer number of languages, the geographical and economic spread, the enormous awareness gap to bridge and what not. The gap between what is needed and what is available seems huge to me.

And here is my request to you, whether you are a volunteer or a caregiver who has experiences to share: if you are comfortable enough to create material in an Indian language — whether just talking of your experience, or sharing some structured material or some data — please do consider it. The online space is open and waiting for you.

Maybe the material you create or the video you make will not go viral. There may be no award to be won. There may be no appreciation/ brownie points from peers. But the one person who reaches your material could be someone whose life will be made different by reading or hearing what you have to say.

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Living with Dementia, awareness, images, stigma, quality of life: a perspective from India

Every September, those of us whose lives have been changed by dementia find ourselves introspecting about the environment around persons with dementia and their caregivers. We find ourselves building up hopes that in future, the dementia and care situation will have more dignity, an improved quality of life, and more support. Years of being the main caregiver for my mother has made me deeply concerned about dementia awareness and care in India, and I, too, ponder on these issues.

A few weeks ago, I saw a report that discussed how many existing “frames” used to depict dementia are negative/ unproductive and how alternate frames should be used to depict a positive picture and convey the nuances. Then, as I was still piecing together my thoughts on the matter, I realized that the theme for World Alzheimer’s Month 2012 is “Living together”. Alzheimer’s Disease International also plans to release a report on the stigma aspect. I look forward to seeing that report.

(BTW, for those who unsure of the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s : dementia is the name given to a group of symptoms, and Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the most common–but not the only–disease that causes dementia. Most dementia-related work is done under the Alzheimer’s umbrella by associations with names that include the word Alzheimer’s (but may not include the word dementia), a nomenclature that sometimes confuses and ends up excluding those non-AD dementia caregivers who assume the material/ advice will be AD specific 😦 )

Meanwhile, I’d like to share have some thoughts, mainly on how dementia/ care experiences are influenced by the culture and images around dementia, how countries differ, and some lessons for the concerned persons, especially my peers in India. These are just my personal thoughts, not an expert opinion nor a “report” based on any “study”…

…and I’d love to hear your thoughts, too.

I see persons with dementia as major stakeholders in any dementia-related strategy. We already have millions of persons with dementia who try to navigate their lives in spite of the disadvantages dementia imposes, and we have millions of caregivers who try to understand and support them (but don’t always manage to). Medicines and research are also important, of course, and must go on in parallel, but medical research cannot be the sole focus. A world without dementia is pretty far off, because hey, we have millions with dementia already here amidst us, right? Also, current medications are few, not applicable for many diseases that cause dementia. These treatments work on some persons but not others, have side-effects for some persons, and do not reverse dementia. It will take years of intense and sustained research to create enough effective and safe cures adequately tested on humans.

In the meantime, many people continue to “Live with Dementia”.

So I really like this year’s theme: Living with dementia. I like the fact that it focuses on people, on their situation and surroundings, and shows sensitivity to the discrimination and stigmas they may be facing. Living with dementia seems like a wholesome focus. Not struggling with dementia, trying to “defeat” it, or “surrendering” to it or “giving up” or being seen as “negative” or “lacking faith.” Instead, accepting what is there, working with what can be done, focusing on improving quality of life, retaining connections, leading enriched lives to the maximum possible extent.

Dementia care cannot depend just on medical support. It cannot even depend solely on the institutional infrastructure available; most of dementia care occurs in home settings. The care therefore depends a lot on the environment around it: the combination of images and stories around dementia, such as how society perceives the symptoms, the conventions for interacting with people showing such symptoms, the available body of caregiving knowledge, perception of the role of doctors and medication, and so on. Published caregiver manuals and guidelines are only a fraction of the environment around dementia care; the overall environment combines multiple factors like culture and religion, information available in articles, credibility of sources, newspaper depictions, depictions in fiction, mythology and movies, the history, and the societal conventions of how elders and people behaving strangely and differently are treated.

Oh, and also on whether that society even acknowledges such persons openly or whether it expects families to hide them away 😦

Let’s consider the dementia journey, which typically spans years, even a decade or two.

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Confused, disoriented elders who wander: what can be done, and a video with tips.

A few days ago I heard of an incident that had an unfortunate hum of similarity with many such incidents one hears of: an elder was found dead in a lake near his home; he had probably slipped in, but no one really knew. I was told, “He had been wandering for months. What could they do!” The way of speaking implied that such tragedies are inevitable once someone begins wandering.

We’ve all heard stories of some seniors who start getting confused and disoriented as they grow older, of their wandering off looking for homes demolished decades ago, looking for people and places that no longer exist, wanting to do things like go to office when they have retired years ago. We’ve heard of such wanderers being found after a few days, injured, starved, clothes tattered, with no one knowing what happened in the interim.

We’ve heard of families still waiting for the wanderer to return.

And that occasional sentence, What could the family do! uttered as a statement of hopelessness, and not as a request for suggestions.

Yet, while the tendency to wander may happen, wandering and tragic consequences are not inevitable. There are things that can be done.There are ways to reduce the chances of such wandering, and there are ways to improve the chances of finding a person if he/ she wanders. These are not fail-safe ways, they may not always work, but a reduced probability is worth it, no?

The problem of wandering is so common that I find it strange that we don’t have a more vigorous discussion on tips and tricks for it. Somehow, I suspect that till someone close to us wanders, we assume wandering only affects others; we don’t think it could happen close enough to hurt us. Perhaps the problem doesn’t seem immediate enough to engage us. But the problem of wandering is best tackled by reducing the chance of someone wandering, by ensuring they always carry an identity, and by having quick ways to locate people who wander.

And here’s the thing: we cannot prevent wandering if we only read tips about it after people wander. Tips must be available widely so that when an elder acts confused and seems prone to wander, family members don’t shrug helplessly, saying “What can we do if she wanders!” in a way that shows defeat. Instead, they genuinely ask around, “What can we do if she wanders?” because they know they can get suggestions and solutions.

When my mother started getting confused and disoriented enough to start wandering, I had a tough time. I tried explaining to her that she should not wander; it failed, because she did not see herself as wandering. She was trying to see who has rung the doorbell or walked past in the corridor. She had stepped out for some work, except that she forgot what it was. I would dash out to catch her before she hurt herself (she had balance problems) or got lost, and every time she would get angry at me for stopping her from what she wanted to do. (Looking back, I could have found better ways to distract or persuade her). I tried to make her carry a tag; she got angry again. Once, I asked a neighbor to sit with my mother for around ten minutes as I caught up with an outside errand; I returned to find the neighbor had left my mother alone because “Auntie promised me she would not wander.” My mother, meanwhile, had wandered.

So I started making sure she was never alone at home, and I would lock the door from inside. My mother complained to some friends who then scolded me for mistreating her. “I would not like to be locked in,” one elderly man said. “My children would not dare to do this to us.” This was after my mother’s diagnosis and I explained that she got confused, she had a balance problem, even a small accident could cause a fracture, or she could get lost. He assumed I was some control freak out to trouble my mother (too many TV serials with bad children?) One neighbor even egged my mother to sabotage my efforts and demonstrate her “independence” by walking out, so much so that my mother would sit on the sofa waiting for the moment that the door was unlocked so that she could dash out of the “jail.”

BUT: No one suggested anything I could do to reduce the wandering 😦

The funny (sad?) part is, all these persons who were critical of my (unskilled) attempts to keep her safe, all of them had known of some wandering episode of someone or the other. They knew some people wandered; they just didn’t think my mother was the “sort who wandered” even though she wandered. Because, “Auntie seems fine” or “Auntie used to help my daughter in her studies” or some such thing.

We definitely need more recognition of the fact that people who seem normal in short interactions may also wander.

And we need to get cracking on sharing tips so that when seniors start showing some confusion, some disorientation, families know of these ideas and can implement what is suitable, so as to reduce the chance of an actual wandering episode or tragedy.

An example: A few years ago, a lady wandered because of a door left unguarded for a few minutes, but the family had stitched a label with the name and phone number at the back of her nightgown, and a passerby called within minutes that he had spotted a lady wandering; she was brought back safely. One small action, one small tip, and look how it averted a tragedy! When I heard of this incident, I remembered my futile attempts to make my mother pin an identity to her pocket and her angry protests; I had not thought of stitching a label at the back of her nightgown, at some place she would not notice it.

Yes, we need these tips pooled and talked about.

Two months ago, prompted by my concern about wandering, I had prepared a video with tips on wandering, and also written a rambling blog entry about my concern for wandering here: Diverse responses, networks of concern and support, problems like dementia and wandering. Recently, I created the Hindi version of the wandering video to make the tips and suggestions accessible to a wider audience. I created the video as part of my work on dementia, but the tips would apply to any confused/ disoriented person

This, friends, is my way of adding to the pool. But information can reach families that could benefit from it only if people spread the word. It may seem like a small thing not worth doing–why bother, let others share the link–but perhaps one person you tell, one tip they employ might prevent a tragedy. Or they may get inspired and think of some more tips and share them around. It could begin a conversation, the sharing of a concern that would avert tragedies. And frankly, none of us is immune from such tragedies…

The Hindi wandering video is here: (If the player does not load, you can see the Hindi video on youtube).

The English wandering video is here: (If the player does not load, you can see the English video on youtube)

And if you don’t really believe that wandering is a real problem that it hits people unawares and can lead to tragic consequences, have a look at this presentation by Sailesh Misra of Silver Innings which includes real life examples (identities changed) of wandering episodes in India: Wandering and Missing Senior Citizens: Why does this happen and what to do then

And if persons do wander and get lost, here is another link from Sailesh you may find useful: Blog for missing senior citizens.

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Not Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s? Then why’s there a problem?

When my mother started facing balance problems, I had no clue what was happening, but I’d heard of Parkinson’s and that was my first suspicion. When she started facing memory loss, the only disease I knew related to that was Alzheimer’s. I didn’t know much about either Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s, but I’d heard these names, and seen articles on them. I’d made a quick mental note saying I may need to know more about these problems some day. I’d even kept some cuttings “carefully” for later; I wonder where they went 🙂

As it happens, my mother’s diagnosis was neither Parkinson’s nor Alzheimer’s. We went through multiple neurologists before I was given a documented diagnosis, and I took pains to memorize the phrases in it so that I could tell anyone who was interested the exact problem.
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